April 1, 2023


Connecting Asian writers with global readers

Review: Chaedar Alwasilah’s Islam, Culture, and Education: Essays on contemporary Indonesia

1 min read

Religious radicalism, ethnic clashes, racial slurs, a corrupt mentality and state indifference to a multicultural life has become the banal reality of the modern era, especially in Indonesia.

For the naysayers, these social ailments are considered the symptoms of a failed state — a state resembling Thomas Hobbes’s “state of nature” where brutishness always prevails and finds fertile ground. 

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